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By James H. Charlesworth

Expansions of the "Old Testament" and legends, knowledge and philosophical literature, prayers, psalms and odes, and fragments of misplaced Judeo-Hellenistic works.

CONTENTS:
EXPANSIONS OF THE "OLD TESTAMENT" AND LEGENDS
Introduction J. H. Charlesworth
- Letter of Aristeas (Third Century B.c-First Century A.D.) R. J. H. Shutt
- Jubilees (Second Century B.C.) O. five. Wintermute
- Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah (Second Century B.C.-Fourth Century A.D.) M. A. Knibb
- Joseph and Aseneth (First Century B.C.-Second Century A.D.) C. Burchard
- lifetime of Adam and Eve (First Century A.D.) M. D. Johnson
- Pseudo-Philo (First Century A.D.) D. J. Harrington
- The Lives of the Prophets (First Century A.D.) D. R. A. Hare
- Ladder of Jacob (c. First Century A.D.?) H. G. Lunt
- four Baruch (First to moment Century A.D.) S. E. Robinson
- Jannes and Jambres (First to 3rd Century A.D.) A. Pietersma and T. R. Lutz
- background of the Rechabites (First to Fourth Century) J. H. Charlesworth
- Eldad and Modad (prior to moment Century A.D.) E. G. Martin
- background of Joseph (prior to Fourth Century A.D.) G. T. Zervos

WISDOM AND PHILOSOPHICAL LITERATURE
Introduction J. H. Charlesworth
- Ahiqar (Seventh to 6th Century B.C.) J. M. Lindenberger
- three Maccabees (First Century B.C.) H. Anderson
- four Maccabees (First Century A.D.) H. Anderson
- Pseudo-Phocylides (First Century B.C-First Century A.D.) P. W. van der Horst
- The Sentences of the Syriac Menander (Third Century A.D.) T. Baarda

PRAYERS, PSALMS, AND ODES
Introduction J. H. Charlesworth
- extra Psalms of David (Second Century B.c-First Century A.D.) J. H. Charlesworth with 7. A. Sanders
- Prayer of Manasseh (Second Century B.c-First Century A.D.) J. H. Charlesworth
- Psalms of Solomon (First Century B.C.) R. B. Wright
- Hellenistic Synagogal Prayers (Second to 3rd Century A.D.) D. R. Darnell and D. A. Fiensy
- Prayer of Joseph (First Century A.D.) J. Z. Smith
- Prayer of Jacob (First to Fourth Century A.D.) J. H. Charlesworth
- Odes of Solomon (Late First to Early moment Century A.D.) J. H. Charlesworth

SUPPLEMENT
FRAGMENTS OF misplaced JUDEO-HELLENISTIC WORKS
Editor's creation J. H. Charlesworth
General advent, with a notice on Alexander Polyhistor J. Strugnell
POETRY
-Philo the Epic Poet (Third to moment Century B.C.) H. Attridge
- Theodotus (Second to First Century B.C.) F. Fallon
ORACLE
-Orphica (Second Century B.C-First Century A.D.) M. Lafargue
DRAMA
- Ezekiel the Tragedian (Second Century B.C.) R. G. Robertson
OTHER
- Fragments of Pseudo-Greek Poets (Third to moment Century B.C.) H. Attridge
PHILOSOPHY
- Aristobulus (Second Century B.C.) A. Yarbro Collins
CHRONOGRAPHY
- Demetrius the Chronographer (Third Century B.C.) J. Hanson
HISTORY
- Aristeas the Exegete (prior to First Century B.C.) R. Doran
- Eupolemus (prior to First Century B.C.) F. Fallon
- Pseudo-Eupolemus (prior to First Century B.C.) R. Doran
- Cleodemus Malchus (prior to First Century B.C.) R. Doran
ROMANCE
- Artapanus (Third to moment Century B.C.) J. J. Collins
APPENDIX
- Pseudo-Hecataeus (Second Century B.c-First Century A.D.) R. Doran

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The writer of the Psalms of Solomon yearned for the arrival of the Messiah, who will "purge Jerusalem from gentiles. " particularly he shall practice this activity "with the notice of his mouth," and do that now not from his personal initiative, yet simply because he's God's agent and belongs to God (PssSol 17f. ). it appears past due within the first century A . D . — w h e n the various New testomony writings have been being written, specially Matthew, Luke, and John—three authors of pseudepigrapha elaborated on traditions about the Messiah. the writer of two Baruch concentrated upon the function of the Messiah in 3 separate sections (chs. 29f. , three nine - four 2 , 72-74). whilst "all is comprehensive" the Messiah could be published and the righteous resurrected (2Bar 29f. ). not like this it seems that passive function, the Messiah, based on the second one part (2Bar three nine - four 2 ) , will act decisively, convicting and placing to demise the final evil chief, and maintaining God's humans. The Messiah can be lively within the 3rd part (2Bar 72-74): He shall summon the entire countries, sparing those that haven't mistreated Israel, and slaying those that have governed over her. In either the second one and 3rd messianic sections the Messiah seems to be defined as a militant warrior who slays the gentiles by way of the sword (72:6). At in regards to the related time because the writer of two Baruch the writer of four Ezra, in 3 passages (chs. 7, 11:37-12:34, 13:3-14:9), discusses the services of the Messiah. in accordance with the 1st of those (4Ezra 7), sooner or later age, the realm to return (7:50, 8:1), the Messiah can be printed, bringing rejoicing for 400 years, and finally die (7:28f. ). in line with the second one passage (4Ezra 11:3712:34), the Messiah, who's depicted as "the lion," will denounce, pass judgement on, and ruin the ungodly; yet he shall carry the trustworthy and lead them to pleased. in line with the 3rd part (4Ezra 13:3-14:9), the Messiah, who's "my son" (13:32, 37, fifty two; 14:9; cf. 7:28f. ) and "a guy" (13:26, 32), withstands a warring multitude and consumes them with "a circulation of fireplace" that proceeds from his mouth. possibly approximately contemporaneously with 2 Baruch and four Ezra (see the intro­ duction to IEn), the writer of one Enoch 37-71 recorded his principles in regards to the Messiah. unlike his vibrant depictions of "the Son of Man," "the Righteous One," and "the select One," the author's meager references to the Messiah (or "the Anointed One") are strangely short (48:10, 52:4). No features are attributed to the Messiah. The 5th record within the Pseudepigrapha that incorporates a essentially Jewish viewpoint at the Messiah is the overdue rfile titled three Enoch. Noteworthy is the portrayal of a Messiah who's son of Joseph, and a Messiah who's son of David (45:5). it's attainable that one Messiah is intended; but when Messiahs are denoted, then the Messiahs of Israel will salary warfare opposed to Gog and Magog on the finish of time. This conflict looks to finish in a draw; God himself finally enters the battle and wins the final conflict. for that reason the writer of three Enoch describes the social gathering of Israel's salvation (48:10A).

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